Fungal skin infections are caused by certain types of fungus, or excessive growth of normally harmless types. Fungal skin infections usually affect your skin because they live off keratin, a protein that makes up your skin, hair and nails. Most fungal skin infections can be treated effectively. Fungal skin infections are divided into groups, depending on what type of organism is involved. The full name depends on where the infection is found on your body.
Ingrown nails, the most common toenail problem, occur when the nail borders curve into the soft tissue of nail grooves. Ingrown nails cause pressure and pain along the nail borders. The edge of the nail may cut into the skin, causing redness, swelling, pain, drainage and infection. Following the preventative steps above can help you avoid the need for treatment. To relieve discomfort from ingrown toenails, soak your foot in a solution of lukewarm water and salt or lukewarm soapy water. Then apply an antiseptic and bandage the area.
This leaflet has been written to help you understand more about fungal infections of the nails. It tells you what they are, what causes them, what can be done about them, and where you can find out more information about them. Fungal infections of the nails are also known as dermatophytic onychomycosis, or tinea unguium. When the fungus spreads to the keratin of the nails, the result is a fungal nail infection.
Jackson Thomas received funding from government e. Julia K. Christenson does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. So why do we get them, and does it matter?